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China's economic growth hits 30-year low


China's economic growth hits 30-year low Official figures show that the world's second largest economy expanded by 6.1% in 2019 from the year before - the worst figure in 29 years.To get more china economy news, you can visit shine news official website. The country has faced weak domestic demand and the impact of the bitter trade war with the US.The government has been rolling out measures over the past two years in an attempt to boost growth. It comes after almost two years of trade tensions with the US - although hopes of a better relationship with America have seen improvements in manufacturing and business confidence data.The government has used a combination of measures aimed at easing the slowdown, including tax cuts and allowing local governments to sell large amounts of bonds to fund their infrastructure programmes.The country's banks have also been encouraged to lend more, especially to small firms. New loans in the local currency hit a record high of $2.44 trillion (£1.86tn) last year. So far the economy has been slow to pick up, with investment growth falling to record low levels. Historically, China has seen much stronger economic expansion, with the first decade of the 21st Century seeing double-digit percentage growth. But - although that 6.1% growth rate is China's weakest expansion in almost three decades - it is much higher than other leading economies. The US central bank, for example, has forecast that the American economy will grow by around 2.2% this year.For many countries, having the slowest GDP growth in three decades might cause panic - but not in China. Softening domestic demand and US tariffs have eaten into growth - but some analysts argue that the trade war may have actually helped the Chinese economy. This 6.1% GDP figure for 2019 is not only within the government's target range, but Chinese policy makers have for years been trying to gradually step down expectations. They're trying to break away from the years of unsustainable breakneck growth which has trashed the natural environment and led to an explosion in unserviceable debt. The government has instigated some stimulus measures to make sure the steam doesn't come out of the economy too quickly. But on bank loans, the crucial question will be - who gets access to the loans? Will it be those building the "bridge to nowhere" vanity projects which have popped up in many regional cities? Or will it be the promising new start-up enterprises which are seen as the future of modern Chinese development?

Hong Kong Protestors Boycott 'Ip Man 4' for Donnie Yen


Hong Kong Protestors Boycott 'Ip Man 4' for Donnie Yen Hong Kong protestors are boycotting Ip Man 4: The Finale to oppose the pro-Beijing stance of producer Raymond Wong and stars Donnie Yen and Danny Chan.To get more news about ip man 4 trailer, you can visit shine news official website. The fourth installment of the wildly successful Ip Man franchise, The Finale has broken box office records for an Asian film in China, Taiwan and Singapore. But in Hong Kong, the pic has grossed $660,000 since bowing Friday, finishing in second place behind Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker. The boycott was organized by users of the Reddit-like LIHKG forum, one of the strategizing hubs of the Hong Kong pro-democracy movement that began in June and has seen the city-state roiled by protests, running street battles and heavy-handed police action. Not only are protestors snubbing the movie, they are also actively discouraging others to see it by spoiling the storyline of the film on Twitter, Facebook and Instagram in the “Ip Man Challenge.” Handy placards with major plot points in English or Chinese are being distributed alongside the hashtag "#boycottIpMan4." Those boycotting the pic have cited the political leanings of Ip Man 4’s producer and actors as basis for their action. Wong has made his pro-China stance known especially in recent years, having organized a fund for an anti-Occupy Central organization in 2014 and vocally criticized the democratically voted best film win of the politically controversial Ten Years at the Hong Kong Film Awards in 2015, calling the movie’s triumph at the ceremony “a huge mistake” and “a joke” despite it being the consensus of film industry members. Yen, who played the eponymous character in the film series, shared the stage and sang with Chinese leader Xi Jinping at a gala commemorating the 20th anniversary of the Hong Kong handover in 2017 and issued a statement early this year reasserting “the determination of the motherland” after his fans in China was outraged by his attendance of an event hosted by German clothing brand Philipp Plein, which was allegedly involved in an incident deemed “insulting” to China a dozen years ago. Meanwhile, Chan, who plays Bruce Lee in the latest movie, has been outspokenly supportive of the Hong Kong police, posting on social media that police should not “go easy on any [protesters]” nor “let anyone of them go.” The boycott was launched as a part of the grassroots “yellow economic circle” initiative that has started to gain traction in recent months, meant to endorse restaurants, shops and brands that support the movement and discourage spending at “blue” or pro-China establishments. Maps and guides of “yellow restaurants/shops” have been put together to encourage patronage of protest-minded Hong Kong citizens. As one of the high-profile Hong Kong film releases this year, the China co-production Ip Man 4 was seen as a “blue” product and as epitomizing the China-leaning nature of Hong Kong-Chinese collaborations that cater to Chinese audience’s taste at the expense of the Hong Kong audience. Veteran producer Wong inaugurated the Ip Man film franchise in 2008, making Yen a star and paving the way for his involvement in Hollywood productions, including Star Wars spinoff Rogue One and the upcoming Disney live-action remake of Mulan, which is itself the subject of a boycott after lead Crystal Liu voiced support for the Hong Kong police. The first Ip Man pic won best film and action choreography honors at the 2009 Hong Kong Film Awards. Known for its action sequences and Chinese nationalistic themes, where Ip Man always triumphs over foreign aggressors, the first three installments in the franchise have grossed over $228 million in total worldwide.

Review: ‘Ip Man 4: The Finale’ goes out with style


Review: ‘Ip Man 4: The Finale’ goes out with style The year is 1964, the event a karate tournament in San Francisco, and all eyes are on Bruce Lee as he gives a demonstration of Chinese martial arts. All eyes except those of Bruce Lee himself.To get more news about ip man 4 release date, you can visit shine news official website. The future international sensation is instead looking reverentially toward a slight figure in the stands, a quiet man in a traditional long black Chinese robe, someone sure of himself but composed. Could it be? Yes, it is. Ip Man is in the house. A master of the Wing Chun school of fighting, the actual Ip Man was a revered figure who served as Bruce Lee’s teacher when the actor was growing up in Hong Kong. But for the last decade this real individual, who died in 1972, has been the subject of a series of action movies starring Donnie Yen that intertwine the story of his life with fictional adventures. Now comes “Ip Man 4: The Finale,” which moves the story largely to San Francisco and benefits from the sure hand of Yuen Woo-Ping, first among equals among action choreographers, whose work includes “Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon” and the “Matrix” films as well as dozens of Hong Kong efforts. ADVERTISEMENT Directed, as were the previous three films, by Wilson Yip Wai Shun, and written by Edmond Wong, who’s also had a hand in all of them, the Ip Man movies are basically genre exercises, the martial arts equivalent of B westerns, albeit with bigger budgets. In this particular film, the bad guys, instead of wearing black hats, are all white Americans, not just random citizens but xenophobic racists of the most unapologetic sort. “Go back to Asia” is pretty much the mildest thing they say. After that opening moment at the San Francisco karate tournament, the film flashes back to Hong Kong a month earlier, where Ip has to deal with some difficult situations. First, he is diagnosed with cancer, and second, as a recent widower, he is having trouble with an unruly teenage son who is always getting into fights. Feeling that being sent to a school in San Francisco might straighten his son out, Ip decides to visit, but aside from meeting up with former student Lee (Kwok-Kwan Chan), America is a sour experience. Even Ip’s fellow countrymen are not a welcoming bunch. Taking a meeting with the Chinese Consolidated Benevolent Assn., led by Wan Zong Hua (Wu Yue), Ip is confronted by a group of fellow martial arts masters who are angry because Bruce Lee is breaking with tradition by taking American students. This leads to one of “Ip Man 4’s” signature scenes, a face-off involving a single cup of tea, a revolving circular glass table and two very powerful wills. Visiting a trendy private school, Ip is shocked to find Wan’s teenage daughter Yonah (Vanda Margraf), having to fight off some thuggish fellow students. Yonah lives for cheerleading (much to her father’s disapproval) and her skill has sparked some prejudiced resentment. Though other martial artists have their moments, especially Bruce Lee, this, as the title indicates, is very much Ip’s show, and he ends up battling not one but two beefy and muscle-bound Americans who share a contempt for all things Chinese. Fought first is Colin Frater (Chris Collins) a karate instructor for the U.S. Marine Corps who believes “Chinese kung fu is only good for folding laundry.” He will learn otherwise. Egged on by Gunnery Sgt. Barton Geddes (Scott Adkins), who encourages Frater to “shut these kung fu charlatans up for good,” Frater and then Geddes himself take on the deceptively mild-mannered Ip. One of the unexpected pleasures of “Ip Man 4” is a warm montage of highlights from the previous three films that plays at the close. Star Yen has said there are no more Ip films in his future, but no one would be upset if another one happened to come along.

Tenuous US-China trade deal comes as Beijing and Washington remain on a permanent collision course


Tenuous US-China trade deal comes as Beijing and Washington remain on a permanent collision course By sharply accelerating in recent months its trade adjustment with the U.S., China has finally done what it should have initiated more than two years ago.To get more china trade war news, you can visit shine news official website. Beijing is on the way to seriously dismantling Washington’s economic and political leverage over China’s economy. During 11 months of last year, China stepped up the rate of decline of its trade surplus with the U.S. to 16.2%. Feverish sinologists would call that “decoupling” — a misnomer for China’s belated exit from a position of an excessive and unsustainable trade surplus with the U.S. Those sinologists don’t seem to notice that China is getting out of that self-imposed structural trap by aggressively slashing its U.S. purchases at an annual rate of 12% between January and November of last year. Instead of worrying about “decoupling,” advocates of friendly U.S.-China ties should remind Beijing that it should be doing exactly the opposite — by drastically stepping up imports of American goods and services. If the Chinese did that, they would not have to abandon their U.S. markets by cutting exports at an annual rate of 15.2%, as they did for nearly all of last year. Looking at trade flows and China’s declining holdings of U.S. debt, the Chinese have apparently concluded that a rapid narrowing of U.S. exposure was a matter of their national interest. That conclusion has come after years of pleading for a “win-win cooperation,” while Washington kept trying to contain China’s growing global economic and political influence. Instead of cooperation, the U.S. defined its relationship with China as a strategic competition with a country seeking to destroy the Western (i.e., American) world order. Cooperation made sense for China because it meant an open access to U.S. markets and technology transfers. The U.S., however, finally began to see things differently as it woke up from its evanescing dream that an increasingly prosperous China would shake off its communist rule and join the U.S.-led Western community. What followed was a radical U.S. policy change Beijing apparently did not expect. China’s huge, and growing, American trade surpluses became an imminent strategic danger that had to be fought by tariffs, sanctions and strict limits to Chinese investments in the U.S. economy.That is the tense economic and political context of last week’s trade deal, where the U.S. sought to impose controls on China’s trade and financial policies, under permanent pressure from an intrusive enforcement mechanism. Glad-handing and vacuous rhetoric aside, the truth is that both countries have now stepped into a new phase of strategic competition. China has no illusions about that. Beijing, therefore, seems determined to rapidly shrink its trade imbalance with the U.S. in an anxious quest for alternatives to dollar-denominated trades and a dollar-dominated world financial system. A tall order? Yes, but Beijing sees no other way of protecting its vital economic interests while remaining on a permanent collision course with the U.S. on so many war-and-peace issues: Taiwan, the Korean Peninsula and China’s contested maritime borders. A tall order indeed, but China is making progress on that long march. Last year, for example, China significantly diversified its trade flows. Its export business with Southeast Asia, Africa and nations along the Belt and Road corridors made it possible to obtain an export growth of 5%, in spite of double-digit declines in sales to the U.S.

US-China trade deal: Winners and losers


US-China trade deal: Winners and losers Tariffs - in some cases at a lower rate - will remain in place. Analysts say it's unlikely that the deal will produce gains sufficient to outweigh the losses already suffered.To get more news about China, United States sign phase-one trade deal, you can visit shine news official website. We take a look at the winners and losers from the deal.Some critics say there is little substance, but the signing offers an opportunity for US President Donald Trump to put the trade war behind him and claim an achievement heading into the 2020 presidential election. That may be a relief: Polls show that most Americans agree with the president that China trades unfairly, but they generally support free trade and oppose tariffs. Indeed, Republicans lost several congressional seats in 2018 - a change economists have linked to the trade war.China appears set to emerge from the signing having agreed to terms it offered early in the process, including loosening market access to US financial and car firms. In many cases, companies from other countries are already benefiting from the changes.While President Xi can claim he did not simply bow to America's demands, that doesn't mean the Chinese are celebrating. The Federal Reserve estimates that China's economy has taken a 0.25% hit, as US demand for its goods fell by about a third. The new deal halves tariff rates on $120bn worth of goods, but most of the higher duties - which affect another $360bn of Chinese goods and more than $100bn worth of US exports - remain in place. And that's bad news for the American public. Economists have found that the costs - more than $40bn so far - are being borne entirely by US companies and consumers. And that figure does not even try to measure lost business due to retaliation. Overall, the Congressional Budget Office estimates that tariff-related uncertainty and costs have shaved 0.3% off of US economic growth, while reducing household income by an average of $580 since 2018. The CBO's estimates take into account all new tariffs imposed since January 2018 - not just those involving China - but analysts say a more limited look would yield similar findings.The new deal commits China to boost purchases in manufacturing, services, agriculture and energy from 2017 levels by $200bn over two years. Mr Trump has said that could include as $50bn worth of agricultural goods a year. But the official figures are lower, analysts are sceptical those are attainable and China has said the purchases will depend on market demand. So far, the primary effect on business has been pain.Farmers, who have been targeted by China's tariffs, have seen bankruptcies soar, prompting a $28bn federal bailout. Among manufacturers, the Federal Reserve has found employment losses, stemming from the higher import costs and China's retaliation. Over the long-term, American firms may reroute supply chains away from China to avoid the tariffs - but that's an expensive prospect.Globally, economists estimate that the trade war will shave more than 0.5% off of growth. But some countries have benefited from the fight, which redirected an estimated $165bn in trade. Analysts at Nomura identified Vietnam as the country that would gain the most, while the UN found that Taiwan, Mexico and Vietnam saw US orders ramp up last year. The Fed found that the increased American imports boosted Mexico's economic growth by just over 0.2%,The US has said that China has agreed to new protections for intellectual property, including lowering the threshold for criminal prosecution and increasing penalties. Critically, the two sides say they have agreed to a way to resolve such disputes. Those were among the issues that ostensibly triggered the trade war. But analysts say it's not clear if the new commitments are any different from promises that China has made before. And the new deal does not address some of America's chief complaints about China's trade practices - such as the subsidies it provides to certain industries. The White House has said it will tackle additional issues in a second, "phase two" deal but analysts say they don't expect anything concrete anytime soon. The administration has also discussed how to address the subsidies with Japan and Europe.

US-Iran tensions: A timeline of incidents between two longtime rivals


US-Iran tensions: A timeline of incidents between two longtime rivals The killing by the U.S. of Iranian Gen. Qassem Soleimani on Jan. 3, 2020 – and the Iranian airstrikes against American bases in Iraq that followed – are just the latest flare-ups between two nations that have had tense relations over the past few decades. Read on for some of the key moments in history that have impacted the way the two countries interact with each other today.To get more latest news on iran us tension, you can visit shine news official website. After Iranians overthrow the U.S.-backed shah, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini returns from exile and seizes command of the newly established Islamic Republic of Iran. In November, militants storm the U.S. embassy in Tehran and proceed to hold 52 Americans hostage for 444 days. During that time span, the Jimmy Carter administration froze Iranian assets, severed diplomatic ties and banned American exports to the country. A secret attempt to rescue the hostages in 1980, dubbed “Operation Eagle Claw,” resulted in failure and the deaths of eight American servicemen. After extensive diplomatic mediation, the U.S. embassy hostages were released on Jan. 20, 1981, shortly after Ronald Reagan took the oath of office. The U.S. takes the side of Saddam Hussein in the Iran-Iraq war, a bloody, eight-year conflict that resulted in the deaths of around 1.5 million people. In the longest conventional war of the 20th century, the two countries fired missiles at each other's cities, Iran sent waves of youngsters to death on the front lines, and Iraqi warplanes bombed Iranian schools and even a jetliner unloading passengers at an Iranian airport. Hussein had turned to the U.S., France and Britain for weapons, which those countries sold him to prevent an outright Iranian victory. An estimated 5,000 Kurds died in a chemical weapons attack launched by Hussein in the town of Halabja in March 1988. The United States suggested at the time that the Iranians may have been responsible.The Iranian-backed Hezbollah terrorist group is blamed for the bombings of the U.S. Embassy in Lebanon and attacks on the U.S. Marine Corps in Beirut, which left a combined 258 Americans dead. In April, a suicide bomber crashed a truck into the U.S. Embassy there, detonating around 2,000 pounds of explosives and killing 17 Americans – some of which were CIA officers – in the process. In October, 241 U.S. military personnel were killed when suicide bombers detonated two trucks of explosives at military barracks in Lebanon in the first major terrorist attack against the U.S. The attack was the deadliest day for the United States Marine Corps since the Battle of Iwo Jima in World War II and produced the highest death toll for the U.S. military since the first day of the Tet Offensive in the Vietnam War. The Reagan administration designates the Islamic Republic as being a state sponsor of terrorism. Decades later, the U.S. State Department – in its Country Reports on Terrorism 2018 – said Iran is still the “world’s worst state sponsor of terrorism.” The Tehran regime has spent nearly $1 billion per year to support terror groups "that serve as its proxies and expand its malign influence across the globe," the State Department said. Those groups include Hezbollah, Hamas and the Palestinian Islamic Jihad. The cruiser USS Vincennes, operating in the Persian Gulf following naval activity there between the two countries, mistakes Iran Air Flight 655 as being an Iranian F-14 fighter jet and shoots it out of the sky. The U.S. says the Navy made 11 radio warning calls on different frequencies before the Vincennes fired two missiles at the airplane, bringing it down and killing all 290 aboard.

US-Iran tensions after Soleimani killing: All the latest updates


US-Iran tensions after Soleimani killing: All the latest updates Fears of imminent war between Iran and the United States subsided after the US assassinated a top Iranian commander and Tehran hit bases housing American troops in Iraq with ballistic missiles.To get more us and iran tension latest news, you can visit shine news official website. But Iran warned the US against further attacks after it launched more than a dozen ballistic missiles at the Ain al-Assad airbase in Iraq's Anbar province and a military facility in Erbil on Wednesday. Iran had pledged retaliatory attacks against the US for last week's killing of Qassem Soleimani, the country's most powerful and revered military leader, whom Washington accused of plotting imminent attacks against US forces in the region.Iranian President Hassan Rouhani warned the United States it risked a "dangerous response" if the White House tried any further interventions in the region. US President Donald Trump said on Wednesday that Iran now "appears to be standing down" but Rouhani threatened more retaliatory moves if required. "If the US makes another mistake it will receive a very dangerous response," Rouhani was quoted as saying by Iran's Tasnim news agency during a call with British Prime Minister Boris Johnson. "The Americans and the White House have no understanding of the region and recognised what a mistake they have made after their terrorist measure and following the uprising of regional nations and the unity that was created."A senior Iranian commander said Iran's missile attacks on US targets in Iraq did not aim to kill American soldiers but sought to damage Washington's "military machine" and were the start of a series of attacks across the region, state television reported. Amirali Hajizadeh, the head of the Revolutionary Guards Aerospace Force, also said the "appropriate revenge" for the US killing of Soleimani was to expel US forces from the Middle East, state TV said. He also said Iran had hundreds of missiles at the ready and when Tehran launched missiles on Wednesday it had used "cyber attacks to disable [US] plane and drone navigation systems".Saudi Arabia condemned Iran's attacks on Iraqi bases hosting US forces as a "violation of Iraqi sovereignty", Saudi state TV reported. "The kingdom denounces and condemns the Iranian violations of Iraqi sovereignty," said a statement carried by the official SPA news agency."Saudi Arabia calls on all parties to exercises self-restraint," it added. The Saudi condemnation was the first by an Arab neighbour of Iraq.In a letter to the UN following the missile attack, Iran said it fully respects the sovereignty of its neighbour Iraq.Turkey does not want Iraq to become a battle zone among foreign forces, said Turkey's foreign minister. "We don't want Iraq to be the battle zone of the foreign forces," Mevlut Cavusoglu told a press conference along with his Iraqi counterpart in Baghdad, Iraqi capital.Cavusoglu's visit was part of Turkey's diplomatic efforts to "alleviate the escalated tension" in the region, a foreign ministry statement said.Iraq's top diplomat Mohamed Ali al-Hakim affirmed that talks with his Turkish counterpart focused on the need to respect Iraq's sovereignty from all sides.

Technology takes pressure off China's Spring Festival travel rush


Technology takes pressure off China's Spring Festival travel rush Millions of Chinese are travelling smarter, faster, more efficiently and more comfortably than ever before after one of the world's largest human migrations got underway last Friday.To get more news about china spring festival travel, you can visit shine news official website. And the travel choices for the 2020 Spring Festival travel rush are also more diverse with a comprehensive transport system covering road, rail, water and air. The travel rush, which sees families and friends reunite around the country for China's most important traditional holiday, began 15 days ahead of the Spring Festival, or Chinese Lunar New Year, which falls on January 25 this year. The high-speed rail link between Beijing and Zhangjiakou, co-host city of the Beijing 2022 Winter Olympics in north China's Hebei Province, started operating on December 30 last year. The travel time between the two cities has been greatly shortened, and Zhangjiakou is now with Beijing's one-hour economic circle, said Li Shengwu, head of the Infrastructure Development Department of Zhangjiakou Development and Reform Commission. A core part of the "eight verticals and eight horizontals" rail network, the Beijing-Zhangjiakou high-speed service connects with the Zhangjiakou-Hohhot and Datong-Zhangjiakou high-speed lines, helping to reduce the holiday travel pressure in Beijing, eastern Inner Mongolia, Shanxi Province and northern Hebei Province. Travel is becoming more efficient for travelers this Spring Festival, who are expected to make 3.6 billion trips during the period.Ticket sale is the first big test. Rapid technological development has accelerated online ticket sales and ticket checking.In the 2020 holiday rush, the daily ticketing capacity of the official 12306 online booking service will increase from 15 million to 20 million. Ticket checking is faster as e-tickets are quickly replacing paper tickets. The checking of e-tickets, a service now available at all high-speed railway stations, takes 30 percent less time compared with manual checking of paper tickets. Facial recognition technology has also been used in some stations to speed up the ticket checking process. Travel services are also becoming more intelligent with robot information services and intelligent storage facilities further improving travel efficiency. In recent years, stations with heavy traffic such as the southern city of Guangzhou and the northwestern city of Xi'an have been using patrol robots for security. The robot can be on duty 24 hours a day in all weathers and check potential risks to prevent fire and other safety problems. Artificial intelligence security monitoring is realizing real-time analysis and early warning of passenger flows, so authorities can effectively prevent stampedes and other safety issues during the travel rush.The Beijing-Zhangjiakou railway is the first intelligent high-speed service with scientific and technological elements inside and out. The carriages offer 5G signal, wireless charging, intelligent light adjustment, stepless color-changing windows, blind guidance and other functions. They also have adjustable seats and ski equipment cabinets, and can receive live broadcasts from the 2022 Winter Olympics. The in-depth application of big data, AI and 5G technologies promises to usher in more new-generation intelligent vehicles such as self-driving vehicles, ultra-high-speed trains, unmanned aerial vehicles and intelligent ships.

Nearly 3 billion trips made during Spring Festival travel rush


Nearly 3 billion trips made during Spring Festival travel rush China's 40-day Spring Festival travel rush, which concluded Friday, witnessed 2.98 billion passenger trips, according to official data.To get more news about chinese spring festival travel rush, you can visit shine news official website. The traffic was basically the same as last year, according to the Ministry of Transport. A total of 410 million trips were made by rail, a rise of 7.4 percent year on year; 2.46 billion by road, a drop of 0.8 percent; 73 million by air, an increase of 12 percent; and 41 million by water, which was the same as last year's volume. The annual travel rush around the festival, when people travel to celebrate Chinese Lunar New Year with their families, puts the transport system to the test. To cope with surging traffic, China's railway, road and air network took a series of measures to improve their services, including putting more vehicles into service. New service forms such as car pools and paperless rail ticket systems helped ease the traffic burden during this year's travel rush.

China's Spring Festival travel rush in numbers


China's Spring Festival travel rush in numbers China's Spring Festival travel rush, also known as the Chunyun in Chinese, has started Monday and will last until March 1. The 40-day travel rush will embrace the planet's largest human migration as Chinese set off for family reunions or tours.To get more news about spring festival travel rush, you can visit shine news official website. The travel rush began 15 days ahead of the Spring Festival, or Chinese Lunar New Year, the country's most important traditional holiday. It will see an estimated three billion trips, with a year-on-year increase of 0.6 percent, said the state economic planner. The road trips take up a lion share at 2.46 billion, down 0.8 percent from 2018. The railway system expects 413 million trips, increasing 8.3 percent year on year, according to the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC). The aviation authority plans to schedule 532,000 flights during the travel rush, with air trips expected at 73 million, up 12 percent from 2018. Boat trips will remain the same compared with the number of last years, according to the NDRC. The number of trips during the Spring Festival travel rush has expanded 30 times since 1979. That record broke one billion in 1994 for the first time, exceeded two billion in 2006, and reached over three billion in 2012. It is the comprehensive transport system that supports the large scale of migration. Under tremendous transport pressure, the railway, highway and civil aviation systems have completed upgrading in the past 40 years. China has speeded up its trains six times between 1997 and 2007. It has launched 10 new railways at the end of last year, with its operational length of high-speed railways expanding to 29,000 kilometers. The country launched self-designed and self-manufactured "Fuxing" bullet trains in June 2017, and the 16 carriage trains were put into operation in July 2018. The new 17-carriage train with a designed speed of 350 kilometers per hour debuted in early January. As of the end of 2017, the total mileage of roads has reached 4,773,500 kilometers, and the mileage of highways has stood at 136,500 kilometers, both of which ranked first in the world. The road trips were 2.48 billion during last Spring Festival travel rush. In 1978, China had 144 airplanes for civil aviation but now has 3,551 planes in 52 airlines. The air trips were 65.41 million over the last 40-day travel rush. As the tourism industry booms, 43 percent of Chinese have chosen to travel with families in China or abroad to spend the week-long Spring Festival holiday, according to fliggy.com, a Chinese travel ticket booking platform. The country's major airports will usher in a peak of passengers' flow, especially on February 1 when most of the passengers choose to start their holiday. Many of them said that they could take a two-day break for a nine-day holiday. The statistics from fliggy.com show that people starting from airports in Kunming, Haikou and Chengdu will prefer to travel around China, while people departing from Shanghai will have a preference traveling worldwide. Most people spending the Spring Festival abroad will choose destinations within three-hour flight journeys. Meanwhile, the number of people going to the UK and Russia for the Spring Festival holiday has grown 93 percent and 80 percent from 2018.